Old Town (Staré Město)

Estates Theater (Stavovské divadlo)

Estates TheaterOne of the finest examples of Neo-Classicism in Prague. The theatre was built in 1783 by Count Nostic. Mozart's opera Don Giovanni had its premier here on 29th October 1787 and Mozart himself sat at the piano conducting the orchestra. In 1834, a musical comedy Fidlovačka was performed here. One of its songs "Where is my home" became the Czech national anthem.

Carolinum (Karolinum)

CarolinumCarolinum is the heart of the university founded by Emperor Charles IV. in 1348. Only little was preserved of the original building (a beautiful bay window, for example), but the courtyard was rebuilt in Gothic style after 1948. In the 15th and 16th centuries, the University played a vital role in the reformist movement. After the Battle of the White Mountain the Carolinum was taken over by the Jesuits.

Powder Tower (Prašná brána)

Powder TowerThis frequently repaired Gothic Gate reminds us of the time when the royal Court Palace used to stand here and the Gate formed an entrance into the Old Town. The Gate was built in the 13th century as one of the thirteen entrances into the Old Town. The foundation stone was laid by King Vladislav II. Jagellion. The Tower was a coronation present of the municipal council, and it was built by Matěj Rejsek. He tried to copy the old Town Bridge Tower built by Petr Parléř one hundred years earlier. It was not very useful for defence: is rich decoration was to be a dignified counterpart of the neighboring Royal Court Palace. Construction of the Gate was stopped after eight years when then king had to flee the city due to an uprising. Upon his return, he moved to the Prague Castle for safety reasons and the Royal Court Palace hasn't been occupied by the kings ever since. The gate acquired its present-day name in the 17th century when it was used to store gunpowder. The exterior decorations, gravely damaged during the occupation of Prague in 1757 were reconstructed together with the Gate in 1876.

Municipal House (Obecní dům)

Municipal HouseThe Municipal House is know mainly for its Concert Hall. This Prague´s most prominent Art Nouveau building is situated at the site of the former Royal Court palace, the seat of the kings in 1383-1485. The building had been deserted for many centuries and later used sporadically as a seminary and a military college. At the beginning of the 20th century it was finally demolished and replaced by the present cultural center (1905 - 1911) with exhibition halls and an auditorium designed by Antonín Balšánek and Osvald Polívka. The façade has a unique profile created by its collection of the sculptural art of the time and monumental allegorical figures. Above the main entrance there is a huge semicircular mosaic Apotheosis of Prague by Karel Špillar. Inside is the main Prague´s Concert Hall - Smetana Hall, also used as a ball room. The interior is decorated with work of arts of the leading artists of the beginning of the 20th century, such as Alfons Mucha. The Municipal House contains also several smaller halls, conference rooms and offices as well as coffee rooms and restaurants where visitors can relax and admire the breath - taking Art Nouveau decoration. On 28th of October 1918 the Municipal House was the scene of proclamation of the new independent state of Czechoslovakia.

Celetná Street (Celetná ulice)

Celetna StreetOne of the oldest streets in Prague, it followed the old merchant routes from the eastern part of Bohemia. It was named after the plaited bread rolls called "calt" that were baked here in the Middle Ages. Its prestige rose in the 14th century when it became a part of the Royal Route used as a coronation path. Most of the houses were rebuilt in Baroque style, although there are some Roman and Gotic house foundations to be found in the basements. Worth mentioning are various house signs. In the House of the Black Madonna, there is a small but interesting collection of sculptures, furniture and architectural design.

Klementinum

KlementinumThe whole area forms a large complex surrounded by four long two - storied buildings which close five courtyards. Klementinum was gradually built from year 1653 till second half of the 18th century for the Jesuits. You can find there Baroque and early classicism styles. Face of buildings decorate mostly sculptures of M. B. Braun.

Rudolfinum

RudolfinumBuilt between 1876 and 1884 the Rudolfinum is an outstanding example of Czech Neo - Renaissance style. It was constructed according to the plans of Josef Zidek and Josef Schulz and it was named in honour of Crown Prince Rudolf of Habsburg. Many Important concerts of the international music festival Prague Spring are being held there. There are many concert halls, but the Dvořák´s Concert Hall belongs to the most stunning works of Czech architecture of the 19th century. Today it is home to the Czech Philharmonic Orchestra and the Rudolfinum Gallery, where temporary art exhibitions are held. Between 1918 and 1939 and shortly after the World War it was the seat of the Czechoslovak parliament.

 

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